Glossary Entries

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Gallon A customary unit used to measure capacity; 1 gallon = 4 quarts.
Geometric Figure Any combination of points, lines, planes, or curves in two or three dimensions.
Geometric Pattern An arrangement of geometric figures that repeats.
Geometric Sequence A sequence in which there is a common ratio between successive terms. Each successive term of a geometric sequence is found by multiplying the preceding term by the common ratio. For example, in the sequence {1, 3, 9, 27, 81, . . .} the common ratio is 3.
Geometric Shape Any regular or irregular polygon, circle, or combination of geometric figures.
Geometry The branch of mathematics that deals with the measurement, properties, and relationships of points, lines, angles, planes, and two- and three-dimensional figures.
Googol A really cool number that is a one with 100 zeros after it. The correct way to write it out is 1100.
Gram A metric unit used to measure mass; 1000 grams = 1 kilogram. The abbreviation for gram is "g."
Graph A graph is an image or chart representation used to show a numerical relationship.
Graphically To solve a problem or demonstrate a relationship using a number line or coordinate graph.
Greater Than A relationship showing that the first term or expression has a value larger than the second term or expression. The symbol for greater than is ">." Examples: 6 + 5 > 6 - 5.-5 > -18. 3x - 6 > 15.
Greatest The largest amount.
Greatest Common Divisor (GCD) The largest integer or the polynomial (monomial) of highest degree that is an exact divisor or each of two or more integers or polynomials.
Greatest Common Factor (GCF) The greatest number that is a factor of every number in a set of numbers or expressions. 3 is the greatest common factor of 9 and 15.
Group A number of individuals or objects that are assembled together or that have some unifying relationship.
Growing Pattern A pattern that grows or increases.


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