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Triple-Digit Multiplication

Wow. You're up to three-digit numbers for multiplication. Let's look at our possible choices and see an example for each one. Don't forget to add the zero(s) at the end of numbers when you multiply with a two- or three-digit factor. Use one zero for the tens value, two zeros for the hundreds value, etc. Check out our page on multiplying with two-digit numbers for an explanation.

Example:
Three-digit number multiplied by a one-digit number (no carrying):
123 x 3 = ?
(1) 3 x 3 = 9 (the ones)
(2) 2 x 3 = 6 (the tens)
(3) 1 x 3 = 3 (the hundreds)
Answer: 123 x 3 = 369

Example:
Three-digit number multiplied by a two-digit number (no carrying):
424 x 12 = ?
Part I (424 x 2):
(1) 4 x 2 = 8
(2) 2 x 2 = 4
(3) 4 x 2 = 8
Answer: 424 x 2 = 848

Part II (424 x 1):
(1) 4 x 1 = 4
(2) 2 x 1 = 2
(3) 4 x 1 = 4
Answer: 424 x 1 = 424

Part III (848 + 4240 [we added the zero]):
848 + 4240 = 5,088


You might write it this way...
424
x 12
848
+ 4240
5,088

Example:
Three-digit number multiplied by a three-digit number (no carrying):
213 x 332 = ?
Part I (213 x 2):
(1) 2 x 2 = 4
(2) 1 x 2 = 2
(3) 3 x 2 = 6
Answer: 213 x 2 = 426

Part II (213 x 3):
(1) 2 x 3 = 6
(2) 1 x 3 = 3
(3) 3 x 3 = 9
Answer: 213 x 1 = 639

Part III (213 x 3):
(1) 2 x 3 = 6
(2) 1 x 3 = 3
(3) 3 x 3 = 9
Answer: 213 x 1 = 639

Part IV (426 + 6390 + 63900 [we added the zeros]):
426 + 6390 + 63900 = 70,716


When written at one time...
213
x 332
426
6390
+ 63900
70716

Patience and Attention to Detail

Sometimes we get frustrated when doing long multiplication problems. It's not very exciting and it's very repetitive. But to get the correct answer, you need to stick with the process. If you skip a step or make a mistake in simple addition, you will get the wrong answer. You will also probably lose some points on a test. Just be patient when you're working through the three multiplication problems and carrying/regrouping values in a problem that has bigger numbers. Arithmetic is easy when you know the basics, It doesn't matter what the numbers look like or how big they are.

More Than Three Digits

You should be used to this now. The numbers will just get bigger as you learn more math. It's not a bad thing or a scary thing. Why? You don't need to worry, because you will know the basic steps to solve any multiplication problem. You can be given a number in the hundreds (100+) or a number in the trillions (1,000,000,000,000+) and you will know how to get the answer. Don't expect to solve the big number problems quickly. It will take more time, but it will not be more difficult. As always, remember to keep practicing your multiplication.

RELATED ACTIVITIES

Multiplication Activity One and Three-Digit Multiplication Quiz (Carrying)
- Play Activity

Multiplication Activity Two and Three-Digit Multiplication Quiz (No Carrying)
- Play Activity


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